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Taipei City Fire Department

Emergency Medical Service Information

CPR Demonstration

CPR Demonstration

Slogan: Check, Call, C-A-B

Check: call or pat the person to see if there is any response; meanwhile, check if the person is breathing normally. (For example: Sir! Sir! Or, ma’am, kid, what’s wrong?)

Check

Call: Call 119 to request EMS personnel. Call at once if the person is unconscious. Get an AED (automated external defibrillator) if it is available on the spot.

Call

Chest compression: Give chest compressions at once if the person cannot breathe or hardly breathes normally. Place your hands on the persons breastbone at the center of his/her chest. Give compressions by pushing the breastbone down at least 5cm (5cm for children and 4 cm for infants) at the speed of 100-120 compressions per minute. This method does not apply to new-born babies.

Place your hands on the person’s breastbone at the center of his/her chest.

Give compressions by pushing the breastbone down at least 5cm (5cm for children and 4 cm for infants) at the speed of 100-120 compressions per minute.

Chest compression

< Chest compression

 

Airway: Tilt the head back and lift the chin.

Airway

Breathing: Give 2 rescue breaths within 3-4 seconds, about 1 breath a second; the chest will rise and fall; skip this step if you are not comfortable with it. Pinch the nose shut with your thumb and forefinger when giving rescue breaths. The ratio of chest compressions to rescue breaths is 30 to 2.

Breathing

CPR Guideline

Revised on 12/16/2010 by the Department of Health, Executive Yuan

Target

Step/Action

Adult

8 years old

Child

1-8 years old

Infant

1 year old

(Check) Check response and breathing

No response

No breaths or virtually no normal breaths

(Call) Call 119

Ask for help. Get an AED if available.

Call 119 for help

Perform CPR for 2 minutes, then call 119

CPR Steps

C-A-B

(C) Compressions

Position

In center of nipple line

Below center of nipple line

Push hard

At least 5cm

About 5cm (1/3 of chest thickness)

About 4cm (1/3 of chest thickness)

Push fast

100-120 compressions per minute

Chest rises

Make sure chest rises completely after each compression

Avoid pause

Avoid pauses, less than 10 seconds if you must pause

If the care giver does not give rescue breaths, continue with chest compressions

(A) Airway

Tilt head and lift chin

(B) Breaths

Give two rescue breaths, 1 second per breath. Visible chest rises and falls.

Ratio of compression to breath

30 : 2

Repeat the cycles of 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths until the ill or injured person can move or EMS arrives

(D) Defibrillation

Get an AED as soon as possible

Use AED pads for adults

Use pediatric AED pads for children between 1-8 years of age; if not available, use regular AED pads for adults.

Perform manual defibrillation. If not available, use pediatric AED pads; otherwise, use regular AED.